Computers Programming Course 6. Iulian Năstac


 Howard Caldwell
 3 years ago
 Views:
Transcription
1 Computers Programming Course 6 Iulian Năstac
2 Recap from previous course Data types four basic arithmetic type specifiers: char int float double void optional specifiers: signed, unsigned short long 2
3 Recap Variables Variables are simply names used to refer to some location in memory. Types of variables: Local variables Global variables 3
4 Recap A more comprehensive classification Automatic variables variables which are allocated and deallocated automatically when program flow enters and leaves the variable's context An automatic variable is a variable defined inside a function block External variables variable defined outside any function block Static local variables variables that have been allocated statically whose lifetime extends across the entire run of the program Register variables register allocation is the process of assigning a large number of target program variables onto a small number of CPU registers 4
5 Recap Standard I/O routines are substitute for missing of I/O instructions C programming language provides many standard library functions for input and output. These functions make up the bulk of the C standard library header <stdio.h> (also in <conio.h> and <stdlib.h>) 5
6 synthesis Output functions printf puts putchar putch Input functions scanf gets getchar getch getche 6
7 Recap Expressions An expression in a programming language is a combination of explicit values, constants, variables, operators, and functions that are interpreted according to the particular rules of precedence and of association for a particular programming language, which computes and then produces another value. This process, like for mathematical expressions, is called evaluation. The value can be of various types, such as numerical, string, and logical. 7
8 Operators in C Programming languages typically support a set of operators, which differ in the calling of syntax and/or the argument passing mode from the language's functions. C programming language contains a fixed number of builtin operators. 8
9 1 () [] >. :: Grouping, scope, array / member access 2! ~  + * & sizeof type cast ++x  x (most) unary operations, sizeof and type casts 3 * / % Multiplication, division, modulo Addition and subtraction 5 << >> Bitwise shift left and right 6 < <= > >= Comparisons: lessthan,... 7 ==!= Comparisons: equal and not equal 8 & Bitwise AND 9 ^ Bitwise exclusive OR 10 Bitwise inclusive (normal) OR 11 && Logical AND 12 Logical OR 13?: = += = *= /= %= &= = ^= <<= >>= Conditional expression (ternary) and assignment operators 14, Comma operator 9
10 1. Brackets and data structure operators in C Associativity ( )  Function call  Induce a priority in an expression [ ]  Array subscripting. Element selection by reference > Element selection through pointer Lefttoright 10
11 2. Unary Operators Associativity ++ Suffix increment Lefttoright  Suffix decrement ++ Prefix increment  Prefix decrement Righttoleft + Unary plus  Unary minus! Logical NOT ~ Bitwise NOT (One's Complement) (type) Type cast * Indirection (dereference) & sizeof Addressof Sizeof 11
12 3. Multiplication operators * Multiplication Associativity / Division Lefttoright % Modulo (remainder) 12
13 4. Additive operators Associativity + Addition Lefttoright  Subtraction 13
14 5. Shifting operators Associativity << Bitwise left shift Lefttoright >> Bitwise right shift Ex.: x = y << 2; assigns x the result of shifting y to the left by two bits. 14
15 Notes: << shift to the left (the left operand) with a number of binary positions indicated by the right operand >> shift to the right (the left operand) with a number of binary positions indicated by the right operand  The remaining bits become 0  The left operand must be integer  The right operand is converted to integer 15
16 6. Relational operators Associativity < Less than Lefttoright <= Less than or equal to > Greater than >= Greater than or equal to 16
17 7. Equality operators Associativity == Equal to Lefttoright!= Not equal to 17
18 8. Logic bit operators Associativity & ^ Bitwise AND Bitwise XOR (exclusive or) Lefttoright Bitwise OR (inclusive or) 18
19 9. Logic operators Associativity && Logical AND Lefttoright Logical OR Lefttoright 19
20 10. Conditional operator In C programming,?... : is a ternary operator Format: condition? value_if_true : value_if_false The condition is evaluated true or false as a Boolean expression associativity: RighttoLeft Ex.: variable = condition? value_if_true : value_if_false ; The? : operator is similar, in a way, with conditional expressions (ifthenelse constructs) 20
21 Note: One should ensures the right syntax of an expression that contains conditional operators. For example: E = ET1? (ET2? e1 : e2) : e3; is written in the right way, while E = ET1? e1 : ET2? e2 : e3; is confusing. 21
22 11. Assignment operators Associativity = += = *= /= %= <<= >>= &= ^= = Direct assignment Assignment by sum Assignment by difference Assignment by product Assignment by quotient Assignment by remainder Assignment by bitwise left shift Assignment by bitwise right shift Assignment by bitwise AND Assignment by bitwise XOR Assignment by bitwise OR Righttoleft 22
23 12. Comma comma acts as separator between function parameters or variables associativity: Lefttoright Note that comma cannot be used in indexing multidimensional array Ex.: the code A[i, j] evaluates to A[j] with the i discarded, instead of the correct A[i][j] 23
24 The design of a program includes several steps description on natural language logic diagram source program compiling description on pseudocode linkediting executable program 24
25 Flow chart (logic diagram) A flow chart is a schematic representation of an algorithm or a process, or the stepbystep solution of a problem. Flow charts use suitably annotated geometric figures connected by flow lines for the purpose of designing or documenting a process or program. 25
26 A typical flowchart may have the following kinds of symbols: Start and Stop symbols  represented as circles, ovals or rounded (fillet) rectangles. Arrows  showing "flow of control". An arrow coming from one symbol and ending at another symbol represents that control passes to the symbol the arrow points to. Generic processing steps represented as rectangles. Input/Output  represented as a parallelogram. Conditional or decision represented as a diamond (rhombus) showing where a decision is necessary, commonly a Yes/No question or True/False test. etc. 26
27 Flowchart start / stop Flowchart process Flowchart connector Flowchart selection Flow line 27
28 28
29 29
30 Pseudocode Pseudocode is an informal highlevel description of the operating principle of a computer program or other algorithm. No standard for pseudocode syntax exists, as a program in pseudocode is not an executable program. A programmer who needs to implement a specific algorithm, especially an unfamiliar one, will often start with a pseudocode description, and then "translate" that description into the target programming language and modify it to interact correctly with the rest of the program. 30
31 Pseudocode may vary widely in style Since, pseudocode generally does not actually obey the syntax rules of any particular language, there is no systematic standard form. Popular syntax sources include Pascal, BASIC, C, C++, Java, Lisp, and ALGOL. Variable declarations are typically omitted. 31
32 C style pseudo code void function fizzbuzz for (i = 1; i<=100; i++) { set print_number to true; if i is divisible by 3 print "Fizz ; set print_number to false; if i is divisible by 5 print "Buzz ; set print_number to false; if print_number, print i; print a newline; } 32
33 Instructions (Flow Control) There are several flow control statements in C programming language. Basically, C instructions can be organized as: Selection instructions Loop instructions Jump instructions Label instructions Expression instructions Block instructions 33
Computers Programming Course 5. Iulian Năstac
Computers Programming Course 5 Iulian Năstac Recap from previous course Classification of the programming languages High level (Ada, Pascal, Fortran, etc.) programming languages with strong abstraction
More informationComputers Programming Course 7. Iulian Năstac
Computers Programming Course 7 Iulian Năstac Recap from previous course Operators in C Programming languages typically support a set of operators, which differ in the calling of syntax and/or the argument
More informationA flow chart is a graphical or symbolic representation of a process.
Q1. Define Algorithm with example? Answer: A sequential solution of any program that written in human language, called algorithm. Algorithm is first step of the solution process, after the analysis of
More informationExpressions and Precedence. Last updated 12/10/18
Expressions and Precedence Last updated 12/10/18 Expression: Sequence of Operators and Operands that reduce to a single value Simple and Complex Expressions Subject to Precedence and Associativity Six
More informationBasic operators, Arithmetic, Relational, Bitwise, Logical, Assignment, Conditional operators. JAVA Standard Edition
Basic operators, Arithmetic, Relational, Bitwise, Logical, Assignment, Conditional operators JAVA Standard Edition Java  Basic Operators Java provides a rich set of operators to manipulate variables.
More informationOBJECT ORIENTED PROGRAMMING
OBJECT ORIENTED PROGRAMMING LAB 1 REVIEW THE STRUCTURE OF A C/C++ PROGRAM. TESTING PROGRAMMING SKILLS. COMPARISON BETWEEN PROCEDURAL PROGRAMMING AND OBJECT ORIENTED PROGRAMMING Course basics The Object
More informationOperators. Java operators are classified into three categories:
Operators Operators are symbols that perform arithmetic and logical operations on operands and provide a meaningful result. Operands are data values (variables or constants) which are involved in operations.
More informationGO  OPERATORS. This tutorial will explain the arithmetic, relational, logical, bitwise, assignment and other operators one by one.
http://www.tutorialspoint.com/go/go_operators.htm GO  OPERATORS Copyright tutorialspoint.com An operator is a symbol that tells the compiler to perform specific mathematical or logical manipulations.
More informationInformatics Ingeniería en Electrónica y Automática Industrial
Informatics Ingeniería en Electrónica y Automática Industrial Operators and expressions in C Operators and expressions in C Numerical expressions and operators Arithmetical operators Relational and logical
More informationGuide for The C Programming Language Chapter 1. Q1. Explain the structure of a C program Answer: Structure of the C program is shown below:
Q1. Explain the structure of a C program Structure of the C program is shown below: Preprocessor Directives Global Declarations Int main (void) Local Declarations Statements Other functions as required
More informationA complex expression to evaluate we need to reduce it to a series of simple expressions. E.g * 7 =>2+ 35 => 37. E.g.
1.3a Expressions Expressions An Expression is a sequence of operands and operators that reduces to a single value. An operator is a syntactical token that requires an action be taken An operand is an object
More informationOperators in C. Staff Incharge: S.Sasirekha
Operators in C Staff Incharge: S.Sasirekha Operators An operator is a symbol which helps the user to command the computer to do a certain mathematical or logical manipulations. Operators are used in C
More informationInformation Science 1
Information Science 1 Simple Calcula,ons Week 09 College of Information Science and Engineering Ritsumeikan University Topics covered l Terms and concepts from Week 8 l Simple calculations Documenting
More informationI Internal Examination Sept Class:  BCA I Subject:  Principles of Programming Lang. (BCA 104) MM: 40 Set: A Time: 1 ½ Hrs.
I Internal Examination Sept. 2018 Class:  BCA I Subject:  Principles of Programming Lang. (BCA 104) MM: 40 Set: A Time: 1 ½ Hrs. [I]Very short answer questions (Max 40 words). (5 * 2 = 10) 1. What is
More informationUNIT 3 Introduction to C++
UNIT 3 Introduction to C++ C++ Character Sets: Letters AZ, az Digits 09 Special Symbols Space +  * / ^ \ ( ) [ ] =!= . $, ; : %! &? _ # = @ White Spaces Blank spaces, horizontal tab, carriage
More informationJAVA OPERATORS GENERAL
JAVA OPERATORS GENERAL Java provides a rich set of operators to manipulate variables. We can divide all the Java operators into the following groups: Arithmetic Operators Relational Operators Bitwise Operators
More informationCprE 288 Introduction to Embedded Systems Exam 1 Review. 1
CprE 288 Introduction to Embedded Systems Exam 1 Review http://class.ece.iastate.edu/cpre288 1 Overview of Today s Lecture Announcements Exam 1 Review http://class.ece.iastate.edu/cpre288 2 Announcements
More informationOperators and Expressions in C & C++ Mahesh Jangid Assistant Professor Manipal University, Jaipur
Operators and Expressions in C & C++ Mahesh Jangid Assistant Professor Manipal University, Jaipur Operators and Expressions 8/24/2012 Dept of CS&E 2 Arithmetic operators Relational operators Logical operators
More informationIntroduction. Following are the types of operators: Unary requires a single operand Binary requires two operands Ternary requires three operands
Introduction Operators are the symbols which operates on value or a variable. It tells the compiler to perform certain mathematical or logical manipulations. Can be of following categories: Unary requires
More informationWill introduce various operators supported by C language Identify supported operations Present some of terms characterizing operators
Operators Overview Will introduce various operators supported by C language Identify supported operations Present some of terms characterizing operators Operands and Operators Mathematical or logical relationships
More informationUNIT 3 OPERATORS. [Marks 12]
1 UNIT 3 OPERATORS [Marks 12] SYLLABUS 2 INTRODUCTION C supports a rich set of operators such as +, , *,,
More informationLESSON 1. A C program is constructed as a sequence of characters. Among the characters that can be used in a program are:
LESSON 1 FUNDAMENTALS OF C The purpose of this lesson is to explain the fundamental elements of the C programming language. C like other languages has all alphabet and rules for putting together words
More informationCharacter Set. The character set of C represents alphabet, digit or any symbol used to represent information. Digits 0, 1, 2, 3, 9
Character Set The character set of C represents alphabet, digit or any symbol used to represent information. Types Uppercase Alphabets Lowercase Alphabets Character Set A, B, C, Y, Z a, b, c, y, z Digits
More informationOperators & Expressions
Operators & Expressions Operator An operator is a symbol used to indicate a specific operation on variables in a program. Example : symbol + is an add operator that adds two data items called operands.
More informationWriting an ANSI C Program Getting Ready to Program A First Program Variables, Expressions, and Assignments Initialization The Use of #define and
Writing an ANSI C Program Getting Ready to Program A First Program Variables, Expressions, and Assignments Initialization The Use of #define and #include The Use of printf() and scanf() The Use of printf()
More informationBasics of Programming
Unit 2 Basics of Programming Problem Analysis When we are going to develop any solution to the problem, we must fully understand the nature of the problem and what we want the program to do. Without the
More informationCLANGUAGE CURRICULAM
CLANGUAGE CURRICULAM Duration: 2 Months. 1. Introducing C 1.1 History of C Origin Standardization CBased Languages 1.2 Strengths and Weaknesses Of C Strengths Weaknesses Effective Use of C 2. C Fundamentals
More informationJava provides a rich set of operators to manipulate variables. We can divide all the Java operators into the following groups:
Basic Operators Java provides a rich set of operators to manipulate variables. We can divide all the Java operators into the following groups: Arithmetic Operators Relational Operators Bitwise Operators
More informationUnit2 (Operators) ANAND KR.SRIVASTAVA
Unit2 (Operators) ANAND KR.SRIVASTAVA 1 Operators in C ( use of operators in C ) Operators are the symbol, to perform some operation ( calculation, manipulation). Set of Operations are used in completion
More informationB.V. Patel Institute of Business Management, Computer & Information Technology, Uka Tarsadia University
Unit 1 Programming Language and Overview of C 1. State whether the following statements are true or false. a. Every line in a C program should end with a semicolon. b. In C language lowercase letters are
More informationM4.1R3: PROGRAMMING AND PROBLEM SOLVING THROUGH C LANGUAGE
M4.1R3: PROGRAMMING AND PROBLEM SOLVING THROUGH C LANGUAGE NOTE: 1. There are TWO PARTS in this Module/Paper. PART ONE contains FOUR questions and PART TWO contains FIVE questions. 2. PART ONE is to be
More informationOperators and Expressions:
Operators and Expressions: Operators and expression using numeric and relational operators, mixed operands, type conversion, logical operators, bit operations, assignment operator, operator precedence
More informationArithmetic Operators. Portability: Printing Numbers
Arithmetic Operators Normal binary arithmetic operators: +  * / Modulus or remainder operator: % x%y is the remainder when x is divided by y well defined only when x > 0 and y > 0 Unary operators:  +
More informationUnit 3. Operators. School of Science and Technology INTRODUCTION
INTRODUCTION Operators Unit 3 In the previous units (unit 1 and 2) you have learned about the basics of computer programming, different data types, constants, keywords and basic structure of a C program.
More informationCOMPUTER SCIENCE HIGHER SECONDARY FIRST YEAR. VOLUME II  CHAPTER 10 PROBLEM SOLVING TECHNIQUES AND C PROGRAMMING 1,2,3 & 5 MARKS
COMPUTER SCIENCE HIGHER SECONDARY FIRST YEAR VOLUME II  CHAPTER 10 PROBLEM SOLVING TECHNIQUES AND C PROGRAMMING 1,2,3 & 5 MARKS S.LAWRENCE CHRISTOPHER, M.C.A., B.Ed., LECTURER IN COMPUTER SCIENCE PONDICHERRY
More informationProgramming for Engineers Iteration
Programming for Engineers Iteration ICEN 200 Spring 2018 Prof. Dola Saha 1 Data type conversions Grade average example,./0 class average = 2345067 893/0298 Grade and number of students can be integers
More informationData Types and Variables in C language
Data Types and Variables in C language Disclaimer The slides are prepared from various sources. The purpose of the slides is for academic use only Operators in C C supports a rich set of operators. Operators
More informationQUIZ. 1. Explain the meaning of the angle brackets in the declaration of v below:
QUIZ 1. Explain the meaning of the angle brackets in the declaration of v below: This is a template, used for generic programming! QUIZ 2. Why is the vector class called a container? 3. Explain how the
More informationC Language Part 1 Digital Computer Concept and Practice Copyright 2012 by Jaejin Lee
C Language Part 1 (Minor modifications by the instructor) References C for Python Programmers, by Carl Burch, 2011. http://www.toves.org/books/cpy/ The C Programming Language. 2nd ed., Kernighan, Brian,
More information3. EXPRESSIONS. It is a sequence of operands and operators that reduce to a single value.
3. EXPRESSIONS It is a sequence of operands and operators that reduce to a single value. Operator : It is a symbolic token that represents an action to be taken. Ex: * is an multiplication operator. Operand:
More informationChapter 3: Operators, Expressions and Type Conversion
101 Chapter 3 Operators, Expressions and Type Conversion Chapter 3: Operators, Expressions and Type Conversion Objectives To use basic arithmetic operators. To use increment and decrement operators. To
More informationProgramming in C++ 5. Integral data types
Programming in C++ 5. Integral data types! Introduction! Type int! Integer multiplication & division! Increment & decrement operators! Associativity & precedence of operators! Some common operators! Long
More informationSECTION II: LANGUAGE BASICS
Chapter 5 SECTION II: LANGUAGE BASICS Operators Chapter 04: Basic Fundamentals demonstrated declaring and initializing variables. This chapter depicts how to do something with them, using operators. Operators
More informationExpressions. Arithmetic expressions. Logical expressions. Assignment expression. n Variables and constants linked with operators
Expressions 1 Expressions n Variables and constants linked with operators Arithmetic expressions n Uses arithmetic operators n Can evaluate to any value Logical expressions n Uses relational and logical
More informationBasic C Programming (2) Bin Li Assistant Professor Dept. of Electrical, Computer and Biomedical Engineering University of Rhode Island
Basic C Programming (2) Bin Li Assistant Professor Dept. of Electrical, Computer and Biomedical Engineering University of Rhode Island Data Types Basic Types Enumerated types The type void Derived types
More informationDepartment of Computer Science
Department of Computer Science Definition An operator is a symbol (+,,*,/) that directs the computer to perform certain mathematical or logical manipulations and is usually used to manipulate data and
More informationComputer System and programming in C
1 Basic Data Types Integral Types Integers are stored in various sizes. They can be signed or unsigned. Example Suppose an integer is represented by a byte (8 bits). Leftmost bit is sign bit. If the sign
More informationFundamental Data Types. CSE 130: Introduction to Programming in C Stony Brook University
Fundamental Data Types CSE 130: Introduction to Programming in C Stony Brook University Program Organization in C The C System C consists of several parts: The C language The preprocessor The compiler
More informationUNIT IV 2 MARKS. ( Word to PDF Converter  Unregistered ) FUNDAMENTALS OF COMPUTING & COMPUTER PROGRAMMING
( Word to PDF Converter  Unregistered ) http://www.wordtopdfconverter.net FUNDAMENTALS OF COMPUTING & COMPUTER PROGRAMMING INTRODUCTION TO C UNIT IV Overview of C Constants, Variables and Data Types
More informationThe Arithmetic Operators. Unary Operators. Relational Operators. Examples of use of ++ and
The Arithmetic Operators The arithmetic operators refer to the standard mathematical operators: addition, subtraction, multiplication, division and modulus. Op. Use Description + x + y adds x and y x y
More informationThe Arithmetic Operators
The Arithmetic Operators The arithmetic operators refer to the standard mathematical operators: addition, subtraction, multiplication, division and modulus. Examples: Op. Use Description + x + y adds x
More informationThese are reserved words of the C language. For example int, float, if, else, for, while etc.
Tokens in C Keywords These are reserved words of the C language. For example int, float, if, else, for, while etc. Identifiers An Identifier is a sequence of letters and digits, but must start with a letter.
More informationC OVERVIEW. C Overview. Goals speed portability allow access to features of the architecture speed
C Overview C OVERVIEW Goals speed portability allow access to features of the architecture speed C fast executables allows highlevel structure without losing access to machine features many popular languages
More informationPERIYAR CENTENARY POLYTECHNIC COLLEGE Periyar Nagar Vallam Thanjavur
PERIYAR CENTENARY POLYTECHNIC COLLEGE Periyar Nagar Vallam613 403 Thanjavur 01. Define program? 02. What is program development cycle? 03. What is a programming language? 04. Define algorithm? 05. What
More informationMultiple Choice Questions ( 1 mark)
Multiple Choice Questions ( 1 mark) Unit1 1. is a step by step approach to solve any problem.. a) Process b) Programming Language c) Algorithm d) Compiler 2. The process of walking through a program s
More informationDEPARTMENT OF MATHS, MJ COLLEGE
T. Y. B.Sc. Mathematics MTH 356 (A) : Programming in C Unit 1 : Basic Concepts Syllabus : Introduction, Character set, C token, Keywords, Constants, Variables, Data types, Symbolic constants, Over flow,
More informationFundamental of Programming (C)
Borrowed from lecturer notes by Omid Jafarinezhad Fundamental of Programming (C) Lecturer: Vahid Khodabakhshi Lecture 3 Constants, Variables, Data Types, And Operations Department of Computer Engineering
More informationSOFTWARE DEVELOPMENT 1. Operators 2018W A. Ferscha (Institute of Pervasive Computing, JKU Linz)
SOFTWARE DEVELOPMENT 1 Operators 2018W (Institute of Pervasive Computing, JKU Linz) OPERATORS Operators are required to form expressions. Depending on the number of operands they take, they are called:
More informationCSCI 171 Chapter Outlines
Contents CSCI 171 Chapter 1 Overview... 2 CSCI 171 Chapter 2 Programming Components... 3 CSCI 171 Chapter 3 (Sections 1 4) Selection Structures... 5 CSCI 171 Chapter 3 (Sections 5 & 6) Iteration Structures
More informationReview of the C Programming Language
Review of the C Programming Language Prof. James L. Frankel Harvard University Version of 11:55 AM 22Apr2018 Copyright 2018, 2016, 2015 James L. Frankel. All rights reserved. Reference Manual for the
More informationAbout Codefrux While the current trends around the world are based on the internet, mobile and its applications, we try to make the most out of it. As for us, we are a well established IT professionals
More informationChapter 7. Expressions and Assignment Statements ISBN
Chapter 7 Expressions and Assignment Statements ISBN 0321330250 Chapter 7 Topics Introduction Arithmetic Expressions Overloaded Operators Type Conversions Relational and Boolean Expressions ShortCircuit
More informationApplied Computer Programming
Applied Computer Programming Representation of Numbers. Bitwise Operators Course 07 Lect.eng. Adriana ALBU, PhD Politehnica University Timisoara Internal representation All data, of any type, processed
More informationReview of the C Programming Language for Principles of Operating Systems
Review of the C Programming Language for Principles of Operating Systems Prof. James L. Frankel Harvard University Version of 7:26 PM 4Sep2018 Copyright 2018, 2016, 2015 James L. Frankel. All rights
More informationUnitII Programming and Problem Solving (BE1/4 CSE2)
UnitII Programming and Problem Solving (BE1/4 CSE2) Problem Solving: Algorithm: It is a part of the plan for the computer program. An algorithm is an effective procedure for solving a problem in a finite
More informationExpression and Operator
Expression and Operator Examples: Two types: Expressions and Operators 3 + 5; x; x=0; x=x+1; printf("%d",x); Function calls The expressions formed by data and operators An expression in C usually has a
More informationPart I Part 1 Expressions
Writing Program in C Expressions and Control Structures (Selection Statements and Loops) Jan Faigl Department of Computer Science Faculty of Electrical Engineering Czech Technical University in Prague
More informationWriting Program in C Expressions and Control Structures (Selection Statements and Loops)
Writing Program in C Expressions and Control Structures (Selection Statements and Loops) Jan Faigl Department of Computer Science Faculty of Electrical Engineering Czech Technical University in Prague
More informationOperators in java Operator operands.
Operators in java Operator in java is a symbol that is used to perform operations and the objects of operation are referred as operands. There are many types of operators in java such as unary operator,
More informationReserved Words and Identifiers
1 Programming in C Reserved Words and Identifiers Reserved word Word that has a specific meaning in C Ex: int, return Identifier Word used to name and refer to a data element or object manipulated by the
More informationC Programming Multiple. Choice
C Programming Multiple Choice Questions 1.) Developer of C language is. a.) Dennis Richie c.) Bill Gates b.) Ken Thompson d.) Peter Norton 2.) C language developed in. a.) 1970 c.) 1976 b.) 1972 d.) 1980
More informationIntroduction to C Language
Introduction to C Language Instructor: Professor I. Charles Ume ME 6405 Introduction to Mechatronics Fall 2006 Instructor: Professor Charles Ume Introduction to C Language History of C Language In 1972,
More informationExpressions & Assignment Statements
Expressions & Assignment Statements 1 Topics Introduction Arithmetic Expressions Overloaded Operators Type Conversions Relational and Boolean Expressions ShortCircuit Evaluation Assignment Statements
More informationContinued from previous lecture
The Design of C: A Rational Reconstruction: Part 2 Jennifer Rexford Continued from previous lecture 2 Agenda Data Types Statements What kinds of operators should C have? Should handle typical operations
More informationFundamentals of Programming
Fundamentals of Programming Lecture 3  Constants, Variables, Data Types, And Operations Lecturer : Ebrahim Jahandar Borrowed from lecturer notes by Omid Jafarinezhad Outline C Program Data types Variables
More informationQuick Reference Guide
SOFTWARE AND HARDWARE SOLUTIONS FOR THE EMBEDDED WORLD mikroelektronika Development tools  Books  Compilers Quick Reference Quick Reference Guide with EXAMPLES for Basic language This reference guide
More informationCourse Outline Introduction to CProgramming
ECE3411 Fall 2015 Lecture 1a. Course Outline Introduction to CProgramming Marten van Dijk, Syed Kamran Haider Department of Electrical & Computer Engineering University of Connecticut Email: {vandijk,
More informationCT 229. Java Syntax 26/09/2006 CT229
CT 229 Java Syntax 26/09/2006 CT229 Lab Assignments Assignment Due Date: Oct 1 st Before submission make sure that the name of each.java file matches the name given in the assignment sheet!!!! Remember:
More informationUNIT  I. Introduction to C Programming. BY A. Vijay Bharath
UNIT  I Introduction to C Programming Introduction to C C was originally developed in the year 1970s by Dennis Ritchie at Bell Laboratories, Inc. C is a generalpurpose programming language. It has been
More informationProf. Navrati Saxena TA: Rochak Sachan
JAVA Prof. Navrati Saxena TA: Rochak Sachan Operators Operator Arithmetic Relational Logical Bitwise 1. Arithmetic Operators are used in mathematical expressions. S.N. 0 Operator Result 1. + Addition 6.
More informationLe L c e t c ur u e e 2 To T p o i p c i s c t o o b e b e co c v o e v r e ed e Variables Operators
Course Name: Advanced Java Lecture 2 Topics to be covered Variables Operators Variables Introduction A variables can be considered as a name given to the location in memory where values are stored. One
More informationC OVERVIEW BASIC C PROGRAM STRUCTURE. C Overview. Basic C Program Structure
C Overview Basic C Program Structure C OVERVIEW BASIC C PROGRAM STRUCTURE Goals The function main( )is found in every C program and is where every C program begins speed execution portability C uses braces
More informationChapter 12 Variables and Operators
Chapter 12 Variables and Operators Highlights (1) r. height width operator area = 3.14 * r *r + width * height literal/constant variable expression (assignment) statement 122 Highlights (2) r. height
More informationCS201 Introduction to Programming Latest Solved Mcqs from Midterm Papers May 07,2011. MIDTERM EXAMINATION Spring 2010
CS201 Introduction to Programming Latest Solved Mcqs from Midterm Papers May 07,2011 Lectures 122 Moaaz Siddiq Asad Ali Latest Mcqs MIDTERM EXAMINATION Spring 2010 Question No: 1 ( Marks: 1 )  Please
More informationInfix to Postfix Conversion
Infix to Postfix Conversion Infix to Postfix Conversion Stacks are widely used in the design and implementation of compilers. For example, they are used to convert arithmetic expressions from infix notation
More informationProgramming Fundamentals (CS 302 ) Dr. Ihsan Ullah. Lecturer Department of Computer Science & IT University of Balochistan
Programming Fundamentals (CS 302 ) Dr. Ihsan Ullah Lecturer Department of Computer Science & IT University of Balochistan 1 Outline p Introduction p Program development p C language and beginning with
More informationOperators and Type Conversion. By Avani M. Sakhapara Assistant Professor, IT Dept, KJSCE
Operators and Type Conversion By Avani M. Sakhapara Assistant Professor, IT Dept, KJSCE Introduction An operator is a symbol which represents a particular operation that can be performed on some data.
More informationAssoc. Prof. Dr. Marenglen Biba. (C) 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.
Assoc. Prof. Dr. Marenglen Biba (C) 2010 Pearson Education, Inc. All for repetition statement do while repetition statement switch multipleselection statement break statement continue statement Logical
More informationME 461 C review Session Fall 2009 S. Keres
ME 461 C review Session Fall 2009 S. Keres DISCLAIMER: These notes are in no way intended to be a complete reference for the C programming material you will need for the class. They are intended to help
More informationI2204 ImperativeProgramming Semester: 1 Academic Year: 2018/2019 Credits: 5 Dr Antoun Yaacoub
Lebanese University Faculty of Science Computer Science BS Degree I2204 ImperativeProgramming Semester: 1 Academic Year: 2018/2019 Credits: 5 Dr Antoun Yaacoub 2Computer Science BS Degree Imperative Programming
More informationFundamental of C programming.  Ompal Singh
Fundamental of C programming  Ompal Singh HISTORY OF C LANGUAGE IN 1960 ALGOL BY INTERNATIONAL COMMITTEE. IT WAS TOO GENERAL AND ABSTRUCT. IN 1963 CPL(COMBINED PROGRAMMING LANGUAGE) WAS DEVELOPED AT CAMBRIDGE
More informationOperators. Lecture 3 COP 3014 Spring January 16, 2018
Operators Lecture 3 COP 3014 Spring 2018 January 16, 2018 Operators Special builtin symbols that have functionality, and work on operands operand an input to an operator Arity  how many operands an operator
More informationThe Design of C: A Rational Reconstruction: Part 2
The Design of C: A Rational Reconstruction: Part 2 1 Continued from previous lecture 2 Agenda Data Types Operators Statements I/O Facilities 3 Operators Issue: What kinds of operators should C have? Thought
More informationOutline. Performing Computations. Outline (cont) Expressions in C. Some Expression Formats. Types for Operands
Performing Computations C provides operators that can be applied to calculate expressions: tax is 8.5% of the total sale expression: tax = 0.085 * totalsale Need to specify what operations are legal, how
More informationModule 2  Part 2 DATA TYPES AND EXPRESSIONS 1/15/19 CSE 1321 MODULE 2 1
Module 2  Part 2 DATA TYPES AND EXPRESSIONS 1/15/19 CSE 1321 MODULE 2 1 Topics 1. Expressions 2. Operator precedence 3. Shorthand operators 4. Data/Type Conversion 1/15/19 CSE 1321 MODULE 2 2 Expressions
More informationJava provides a rich set of operators to manipulate variables. We can divide all the Java operators into the following groups:
JAVA OPERATORS GENERAL Java provides a rich set of operators to manipulate variables. We can divide all the Java operators into the following groups: Arithmetic Operators Relational Operators Bitwise Operators
More informationCS6202  PROGRAMMING & DATA STRUCTURES UNIT I Part  A 1. W hat are Keywords? Keywords are certain reserved words that have standard and predefined meaning in C. These keywords can be used only for their
More informationChapter 7. Expressions and Assignment Statements (updated edition 11) ISBN
Chapter 7 Expressions and Assignment Statements (updated edition 11) ISBN 0321493621 Chapter 7 Topics Introduction Arithmetic Expressions Overloaded Operators Type Conversions Relational and Boolean
More informationKARMAYOGI ENGINEERING COLLEGE, Shelve Pandharpur
KARMAYOGI ENGINEERING COLLEGE, Shelve Pandharpur Bachelor of Engineering First Year Subject Name: Computer Programming Objective: 1. This course is designed to provide a brief study of the C programming
More informationChapter 7. Expressions and Assignment Statements
Chapter 7 Expressions and Assignment Statements Chapter 7 Topics Introduction Arithmetic Expressions Overloaded Operators Type Conversions Relational and Boolean Expressions ShortCircuit Evaluation Assignment
More information